A Chronology of Events, Places,

Ecological and Societal Impacts

Organized for you by: Gary D. Sharp, Ph.D.

Center for Climate/Ocean Resources Study,
780 Harrison Road, Salinas, California, 93907


To Enter Chronology:

NCDC Climate Timeline Site - Lots of Information

Its About Time, Too: (Explores History of Adaptations)

Lost and Found: (Time - as an Element of Observation)

Nature is Big: (Seasons, Oceans, & The Solar System)

Everything You Never Wanted to KNOW: NOW

What is the Role of Education in our Lives? (by David Orr)

Paleoclimate Records are Eye-Opening!

Christopher R. Scottese: Paleoclimate  - The Fossil World

 Antón Uriarte’s huge work, Anton Uriarte Cantolla - ClimateWiki

Distinguishing Reality From Fantasy, Truth From Propaganda (Michael Crichton)

A Classic Example - The Issue of Ocean Acidification -

Per Dr J Floor Anthoni: "The scientific literature and Internet are awash in articles relating to ocean acidification, mainly as part of a world-wide scare for global warming. Most are repeats of what others wrote, superficial and scare-mongering, and not worthy of mention..."

Are Oceans Becoming More Acidic - and Is This A Threat To Marine Life?

Starck Reality 1A

Coral Calcification and Ocean Acidification - Revisited

And Those Myths About Arctic Warming Being Unusual

Given that the Usual Referenced Records are only since 1979 or so -

and On It Goes - History - That IS!

But - First -Are Those Graphs from Real Data - or are they Manipulated?

Or After All That - Are Global Means Meaningful?

Two Generations are Better than One - Roger Pielke 

Jr's Perspectives on Vulnerability to Climate/Weather Events

John Daly - A Lifelong World Traveler's Views -

Argentine Insights and Perspectives from Around the Globe

Dr Roy Clark - The Null Hypothesis vs CO2


May 16-19 , Chicago, USA and


Videos for All

Then, for those with interests in How Fisheries Ended Up Where They Are Today...

A Great Resource

Out of Fishermen's Hands...

Interested in one copy, or a bundle for courses or groups ?
Brief & Order Instructions .pdf file

& - If NonUSA airmail delivery requested - add US$8.00

Or Contact Me directly via gsharp@redshift.com


Fisheries: Under Development,

& Ben-Yami Link!


eXTReMe Tracker

This Site is Always

(Any and all help/comments will be appreciated!)


My Thing: All The Fuss About Climate and Fisheries:

Original thoughts on "Un-Average Fish"

An Image that should be Tattooed on Foreheads of Stock Assessors

Background Documents for the subject:

2000 IFFET Brief Overvue of Fish Culture and Fisheries Science

William E. Evans - Take A Long 

Look at His Colorful Life!

WEEvans Book Cover

Includes notes on where Ecosystem-Based Management Started - as per -

NOAA's 1st Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management Program Development Plan

The June 2000 Fisherfolk Planning Meeting @ Monterey Bay

Coping with Observed Climate Changes  and 

Media Bending the Facts for $$$

Other's Opinions About Warming and a 

Long List of Responses - Mostly GOOD Things!

Then there are the Things we are Not Told -

There are the Usually More ThanTwo Sides of the Many Coins Involved

The Science Lab.comScience Site-Links for Teachers and Students

Eduardo Ferreyra Shows that Famine Has Many Faces -

The Abbreviated Evolution of Climate Change Science

Links to Global Warming Information and Debate about Consequences


Reid Bryson's Sensible Review

William Kininmonth's & My comments re Present GCMs


Oh Yeah, What is the Pathway to Credible Climate Forecasts?

Successful Climate Forecasts using Solar Cycle Information

James Goodridge provides a look at Solar Cumulative Trend 1890-2007

DR. Joseph Fletcher's Climate Forecast for the 21st Century

 Composited Looks Into What we Know - Or Do Not!

Sharp's 2003 - FAO Technical Paper No. 452 - ftp -

Or - Abstract w/link to .pdf
"Future climate change and regional fisheries: a collaborative analysis"

Klyashtorin L.B. 2001.Climate change and long term fluctuations of commercial catches:the possibility of forecasting.  FAO-FisheriesTechnical Report No. 410, 98pp. 

Followed up here -

Klyashtorin and Lyubushin -"Climate Changes and Fish Productivity" - 2007 .pdf book online in English  or Russian


In 2007 an intensive Review was published, in which Joel Kauffman concludes:  "The AGW Hypothesis is not supported by surface temperature records of the last 250 years or by climate proxies of the greatest number and credibility from the past 1000 years, or by recent surface measurements in rural areas, or by atmospheric temperatures."

Then - recently updated via E&E

ENSO Colloquium July, 1997 and La Niña Summit July 1998,

California Rainfall - El Niño, La Niña, Etcetera.

Central Coast Joint Data Committee

Space-Based Oceanography and Climate Linkages

Affordable Renewable Energy. Does Anyone Know What's Up?

The Pending Emergy Crisis...  Richard Duncan's Olduvai Theory

Biodiversity: Which is all about Changes, not 'Stability'

PAGES - The long overdue Pole-to-Pole Climate Studies

CO2 SCIENCE and Other Folks' Understanding of Climate Changes

R.E. Stevenson's (d 4/2000) last thoughts on Global Warming Frenzy

The Basics of Aquatic Species Genetics and Changes Related to Exploitation, etc...


 Great Music! 


Need a Pretty Picture of Any Specific Location on Earth?

Behind this Project is my own perception that there are very few folks who appreciate the greater relevance of TIME. There is also a general absence of insight, or general misunderstanding about the relative youth of Science...

Some of the most difficult questions debated by early philosophers were those related to defining TIME. What we know; What we do not know; and, How long we have observed, or have been able to measure important natural phenomena. Mathematics is a fairly powerful means for translating observations about processes, into shareable knowledge, and lies at the base of making defensible forecasts based on fundamental principles. That action is the ultimate goal in 'applied' mathematics, and is the basis of all engineering, astronomy, and physics.

Now that we have a few centuries of observational data, real measurements, and some agreement on the common units used in making and reporting these, the next big project is to make what we have learned available, for anyone, and everyone who might be interested. Some of the more lucid methods have been scientific publications, text books, atlases, and more recently, websites where specialized topics can be posted, examined, and learned about. Among the most effective of these is the HyperPhysics - HyperMath site at Georgia State Univerity, kept fresh by Rod Nave.

I have also found that those old cultures with symbolic languages, not just phonetic alphabetically-based ones, provide unique experience from early developmental stages for increased application of intuitive math skills by their children. That likely explains why so many of the earliest break- throughs in mathematics and statistical reasoning came from Asia, the Middle East, and Russia. It is also quite common that todays western mathematicians, physicists, and logicians are also musicians, and thus also had early exposure to translation of symbols - 'notes' - into products, harmony and integrated 'music' that many understand, and appreciate.

There are also good reasons for westerners to understand that most of the great innovations in technology were imported from Asia, and that there have been many cultures that have contributed, having passed through the many stages of growth and recession, dominance and subjugation, long before the Greco-Roman eras, and many since...

Fernand Braudel, the late great French historian said it all, very well, in his "Wheels of Commerce" trilogy he connects the transitions since the onset of the Little Ice Age with the dramatic political and economic changes. Others have been observing and saying similar things for centuries.

For example, recently Doug Hoyt suggested that I look at a book published in London in 1686 by John Goad (1616-1691). Caroline Isaacs and I went to the Stanford University Library Archives - and there it was! What an experience...

Only 4 Centuries later - we now have a Website that links to the Best Astronomy Sites ---

Last Century, Milutin Milankovitch, a Serbian astrophysicist, gave us a new way to look at the Role of the Sun in relation to earth's many variations... Professor Oliver Manuel's update on the Sun's origin, composition, and source of energy and magnetism.

More recently, Space Weather has become a focus of many looking for answers to old questions such as does the Sun Affect Earth's magnetosphere, weather, and climate? The historical developments are being compiled for a UCLA course in solar-terrestrial Physics.

And then there is 21st Century Science - Observations+Facts Vs Modelled Fiction...

You will find more than one example in this site's materials of even stranger contemporary issues, and that most burdensome property of human nature -


(No..., not the river in Egypt!)


is that Stuff that keeps everything

from happening

all at once!


Global Warming: Global Warning!


Oh Yeah! About the History of Solar Warming/Cooling Events -

The Black Death that killed 1 out of 3 Europeans during the 14th century occurred while the climate was suddenly getting colder.  The reason for the climate suddenly getting colder during the 14th century is illustrated in the figure above.  

The Wolf Solar Minimum, lasting from 1280 to 1350, was the first of several solar minima following the Medieval Solar Maximum and the Medieval Warm Period that were
 responsible for the much colder conditions and the famines of the Little Ice Age.


The Query

"What is Time ?" is as old as human philosophy itself. Read what some Nobel Prize winning Writers have to say about the subject.


Time is always relative, - but the keys to reasonable temporal perspective in societal contexts are in the evolution of information encoding, and the persistence of lifestyles. Great diversity still persists, and tells all about adaptation... and true sustainability.


From Historical Records, the Warmest Periods in the Earth's recent few hundred thousand years have almost always Been Good for Humans.

The trick is to start trying to understand how Solar irradiance is linked to your local climate.

Charlie Perry Figured It Out!


Who do you Believe, and Why?

This is one of the key dilemmas of applied science, technology, and medicine in day-to-day living. Without going into great depths of detail here, it is also important to recognize just how really young are our most sophisticated observational bases for making informed decisions about an ever- changing world... and about the opposition to making the world more efficient ... e.g., What in Hell Happened to Nicholas Tesla, and his Great Ideas? & Where will the next Tesla come from?

Life is Binary!



Thus, with a deeper understanding of this concept, I have tried to explain to many of my "statistician" fish population modeling colleagues that the average fish dies at somewhere between day one and day seven after hatching, leaving a whole lot of un-average fish behind - or NOT... Darwin understood this, as have many other from even earlier history.

The context of any system needs carefully determined, not simply defined as a general convenience to the analyst. Since Nature is dynamic, on all time and space scales, it is nearly inconceivable that anyone could successfully build credible arguments, e.g., for use in resource management - around steady state concepts...

Fishing, for example, is an economic venture, where many sectors are subsidized, or even hidden from public view... This latter behavior has been the scourge of natural resource management techniques throughout the 20th century... with enormous consequences in loss of credibility of the sciences, as poorly defined techniques fail to track realistically, and therefore fail to protect many or most living species within dynamic aquatic ecosystems.

Many fisheries, such as the San Diego tuna fleet, have come and gone, all since the early 1900s. This is a serious and complex problem of local, national, and international dimensions - and it is certainly not just about 'overfishing'.

Read all about these issues in OUT of FISHERMEN'S HANDS...

Interested in one copy, or a bundle for courses or groups ?
Brief & Order Instructions .pdf file

& -If NonUSA airmail delivery requested add US$8.00



Now lets see what else we need to know...

Standard news media portrayals of the relationships between local processes such as forest fires, volcanic eruptions and seismic epicenter disasters - and the viewers - are more often than not treated as

"things that happen to others..."

until eventually each of us becomes involved in one or more of the vast array of possible natural disasters, or phenomena. These "natural" processes occur in time and spatial patterns that are nearly continuous, if not always where you, the observer, are poised at the moment. Most of these processes have gone on since the planet congealed, to shape the physical world by creating mountains, valleys, and plains, as well as a continuously changing mosaic of local ecologies within which living systems have either organized, or died out.

This is the basis of Darwin's great insights, and so-called controversy.

Is it always the "most fit" that survive,

i.e., the most adaptive - Or simply the fortunate?

Are modern human beings "fit' enough?

Or, in fact, are we too fit?

Can we really outwit Nature?

Likewise, we are only now learning that natural systems (and their economics) depend upon both Events and Seasonal Disequilibrium as engines - the prime creators of options - and renewals.

Yet, there remain many, particularly government agency resource managers, and their systems modelers, whose wishful thinking too often presumes that "assuming equilibria will lead to stability"- and that forced "persistence" is a basis for Sustainable Ecosystem concepts.

This basic premise is simply out of touch with real-world variabilities - e.g., those that are beyond human intervention, Nature's Engines of Change.

Charles Darwin may not have had the last word...

or some say that today it might be

Richard Dawkins...

But, then again -

Stephen Jay Gould had another idea - Punctuated Equilibrium.

The basic importance of catastrophic events in our history, and the resulting consequences, particularly new coping strategies seems to hit home. Where survivors thrive, life changes, as new coping strategies arise

There have been a lot of Words...

Of course there are many questions about humans, and their limitations.

There have been many discourses, and competition between

"New" and "Olde" Ideas

Now, finally, there is an online Encylopedia to help everyone Connect Time, Events, and Social Processes, and Ideas - WIKIPEDIA !

How about a few Pictures instead??? Sounds???

Or just Gorillas???

The underlying messages in the various linked Chronologies is simply...

Its All About Time!


And - Of Course, FOOD!


Ain't life weird?


Great Search Engines I have Known - and Used!

 All The Web - Wow!


Can be Fun & Fast, but... Don't stop looking elsewhere...

Rules We Should All Respect


in Argumentation


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Last Update: August 12, 2012


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