1896-1929

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Year Locale Event Social Effects Source
1929 Global Economic collapse/recession Peak global climate warming period

COADS

1928-30 China Drought/famine 3 Million die Trager/Nash
1928 USA Flood Control Act Lower Mississippi/other areas leveed Trager
1928 Florida/Mississippi Hurricane/Floods Lake Okeechobee floods killing 1,836 Trager
1928 Eastern Tropical Pacific ENSO cool event Upper ocean low heat content SOI
1926-27 Mississippi River Valley Worst flood in US History, killed 246 people and thousands of farm animals starved or drowned. 1927 flood Led to vast improvements in flood control and prompted Congress to pass the Flood Control Act of1928, which gave the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers the job of Mississippi River flood control Dates in History
1927 China

Near Xining, Earthquake - 8.3 Richter Scale

>100,000 die National EarthquakeInformation Center - Almanac
1926 California Coastal Albacore fishery fails

Industry shifts to tropical yellowfin tuna "Chicken of the Sea"

"Doesn't turn red in the can"

Trager
1926-30 India Smallpox outbreak

>1/2 Million die

Nash
1926 Florida Hurricane Storm from Cape Verde, via Puerto Rico, devastates Miami, and other Florida cities; ~500 die Nash
1925 British Isles Westerly circulation peaks Ocean production/fishery increases Lamb
1925-1934 North Atlantic General warming trend begins West Greenland Sea fisheries emerged EllettBlindheim
1925-26 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Albacore disappear off California/ SOI/Quinn/Trager #2
1924 So. California Sardines up/albacore down Van Camp borrows to resume packing Ladurie
1924 Eastern Tropical Pacific ENSO cool event Upper ocean low heat content Sharp/McLain
1923 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Quinn
1923 Greenland warm 5C warmer1923-32 vs 1883-92 Ladurie
1923 Near Tokyo, Japan

8.3 Richter Scale Earthquake

nearly 200,000 die National EarthquakeInformation Center - Almanac
1922 China Typhoon 60 thousand die NOAA
1920s Southern USA Dengue fever epidemic "...all the southern states were affected. There were an estimated 500 000 cases in Texas alone. " Reiter, chief entomologist
1921-22 Russia Drought/famine 3 million die Trager
1921-23 India Plague

Millions die

Nash
1921 San Antonio, Texas Flood - from Hurricane

Largest single rainfall ever measured in USA - 23.11 inches - 51 died

Nash
1920-21 China Drought

~1 Million die

Nash
1920 USA 20% virgin forests remain Conservation awareness effort Trager
1920 Kansu, China

8.6 Richter Scale Earthquake

>200,000 die National EarthquakeInformation Center - Almanac
1920s Russia Malaria epidemic "...Killed hundreds of thousands in the Soviet Union, right up to the Arctic Circle." Reiter, chief entomologist
1920 Russia Drought Lenin appeals for information on US agricultural practices Trager
1920-40 China Warm, wet period Feng et al.
1919 Corpus Christie, Texas Hurricane After heavy damages in Key West, the hurricane makes landfall at Corpus Christie, 284 die, extensive damage in both areas Nash
1919 Pacific wide ENSO warm event Substantial records of climate anomalies SOI
1918 So./central India Very Dry monsoon Strong negative rainfall anomalies/-SOI Kalidas/Sinha
1918 Iceland Harbor seal dieoff Extreme cold/pnuemonia Bardson
1918 Global Pandemic Influenza 21.64 million die Trager
1918 Montana 12 Oct 1918 Cloquet, MN forest fire 400 fatalities; 1.2 million acres burned. U.EastConnecticutt website re US Disasters of all types
1918-20 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Albacore in Point Loma kelp beds sparks San Diego Tuna fishery SOI/Quinn & Rose family records
1917-19 World-wide Influenza

>25 million die

Nash
1917-1939 Western Europe Communism & Fascism Evolve Initialization of Policies &Conflicting Objectives that lead to WWII, within the continuous stress induced by Climate Changes and Failures of Agricultural Support Systems around the Globe - including Asia Timeline of Events
1917 Western Plains USA Drought begins Economic disaster that runs throughout Nation. Trager
1917 Eastern Tropical Pacific ENSO cool event Upper ocean low heat content Sharp/McLain
1916 Florida Red Tide Bloom Gymnodinium breve Kills fish/shellfish Trager
1915 Serbia Typhus epidemic 150,000 die Trager
1915 China Typhoon Thousands die NOAA
1915 Galveston, Texas August 16, Hurricane makes landfall, 21 ft waves City innundated, 275 died Nash
1914 Central California Major Flood/Coastal Valleys Salinas River Floods Trager
1914-24 Russia Famine and Influenza

>20 million die

Nash
1914 Europe World War I begins Local agriculture declines/famines follow Trager
1914-15 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Van Camps Fish cannery begins developing California albacore fleet/converts American diet Quinn/Trager #2
1913-14 Eastern Tropical Pacific ENSO cool event Europe in Drought SOI/Trager#2
1914 Baltic Region Relation between Lunar Tidal Cycling and periodic Climate in Region postulated, as well as much warmer climate during the 10th-11th Centuries. Linked Swedish/Baltic herring disappearance - and various alternative states to ocean conditions - forced by tides, surface winds, etc. from historical descriptions, and old sailing records O.Pettersson
1913 Ohio, Indiana, iIlinois Flood innundates huge tracts of land, cities

70,000 instantly homelss, more as flooding spread, only a few hundred lives lost

Nash
1912 China Typhoon 50 thousand die immediately, 1/2 million fled to manchuria and Mongolia as a result NOAA/Nash
1912 Alaska Katmai erupts Buries Kodiak under ash Trager
1911 Russia Famine Russian wheat shipped abroad Trager
1911 China Yangtze River floods 100,000 die Trager
1911 China/Russia Famine due to lack of rainfall

Millions affected

Nash
1911 Andalusia onset winter cooling 1911-1941 vs other regions Ladurie
1911 Central California Major Flood/Coastal Valleys Salinas River Floods

Trager

1911-12 NE Washington, northern Idaho and western Montana August 1910 "Big Blowup" Forest Fires 85 fatalities; 3 million acres burned. U.S Forest Service Description of advent of US Fire management
1911-12 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño SOI/Quinn
1910-11 Eastern Tropical Pacific ENSO cool event Upper ocean low heat content SOI
1908 Messina, Italy

7.5 Richter Scale Earthquake

up to100,000 die National EarthquakeInformation Center - Almanac
1907 Eastern Pacific Southern California First tuna packed by Halfhill in San Pedro Seasonal tropical tunas' migrations extended northward, and abundant albacore Trager #2
1907 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Quinn
1906 Swedish coast Bohuslan herring fails End of 19 year abundance period Lindquist
1906-13 India/China Yellow fever/Plague epidemic

>6 million die

Nash
1906 Central California 5:12 AM Earthquake

Cities of Salinas/San Jose leveled, after quake, San Francisco burns - 300-7000 die from shocks or fires.

The position of the plate boundary and the San Andreas/Hayward faults guarantee the future necessity of careful planning and design. The Loma Prieta quake of 1989 was the first major shock to hit the city since 1906 - although a large shock only 69 people died, mostly in vehicles trapped in collapsing elevated motorway sections during the busy evening rush hour.

News

St.Vincent - EarthScience 

1904-05 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Albacore tuna packed in San Pedro California SOI/Quinn/Trager #2
1903 Russia Wheat crop fails/Famine Peasantry near starvation in most years Trager
1903 Kansas/Missouri One of the worst floods in Kansas history >100 died Nash
1901-1920 China Cold and wet period Feng et al.
1901-02 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño Quinn
1900 British Isles westerly circulation increases Ocean production trend increases Lamb
1900 China Typhoon Thousands die NOAA
1900 India Drought/Famine Several million die NOAA
1900 USA Lacey Act Precedence setting legislation/birds/wildlife Congress
1900 Galveston, Texas Hurricane/Storm Surge 6-8 Thousand die NOAA
1900 Pacific wide ENSO warm event Substantial records of climate anomalies SOI
1899-1900 ENSO Warm Event Records/Proxies of El Niño 1st Colombia River salmon pack under BumbleBee label Quinn/Trager #2
1899-1901 So./Central India Very Dry monsoon drought Strong negative rainfall anomalies/-SOI 2.125 Million die Kalidas/Sinha/Nash
1898 China Famine/Drought&Floods North drought/South Yellow River floods Trager
1896-97 India Wheat crop fails Australia/Canada/Russia enter export market/ Five Million die Trager/Nash
1896 Pacific wide ENSO warm event Indian wheat crop fails, famine results SOI/Trager #2


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Exported from 1896-1929.wkz on 24/03/97 at 03:41:27 AM