Gary Duane SHARP
Education: Primary and secondary schools in San Diego, California
Bachelor of Science, Zoology (1967); San Diego State Univ.
Master of Science, Biology (1968), San Diego State Univ.
Doctor of Philosophy, Marine Biology (1972), Univ. of Calif.
San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Present Climatology, Technology and Fisheries Applications, Consulting
I started going to sea in the summers of 1957-58 - aboard a 200 ton capacity pole-and-Line tuna boat, the MV Mondego -
aboard which the12 crewmen spoke 5 languages - being form all around the globe - My Step-father was chief Engineer -
and I learned to Listen - as we were constantly confronted with weather-driven issues - and the Crew worked out solutions -
A while before Niña/Niño were understood - which is what the 1957-58 weather transition was all about -
1961-1965 U.S.Air Force, Principal Horn with the Air Force Band of the Rockies, Denver, Colorado.1965 - 1967 Assistant Principal Horn with the San Diego Symphony Orchestra & Student
1966-1968 Laboratory assistant, Biochemical Genetics, San Diego State University.
1968-1969 Biologist, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, La Jolla, California.
Researching tuna and pelagic fish physiology and behavior.
1969-1978 Senior Scientist, Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, La Jolla,
Researching genetics and physiological ecology of tunas.
As a result of my early multidisciplinary approach to tuna research, and applied science, in 1976 I convened a Workshop, and edited with Andy Dizon, a volume entitled The Physiological Ecology of Tunas, which was published in 1978.
1978-1983 Fisheries Resources Officer, Fisheries Resources and Environment Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Rome, Italy. Responsible for the evaluation and promotion of global tuna fishery research and development; I was mediator for two International Commissions for the management of tunas; I was also generally responsible for the promotion of appropriate climate-ocean research related to marine fisheries, including promotion of the FAO/IOC Ocean Sciences in Support of Living Resources Program.
My first summer in residence in Rome, I compiled the relevant oceanographic information for the Indian Ocean, to produce a series of monthly maps of vulnerability zones for tropical tunas, which were published by the Indian Ocean Fisheries Development Program. These maps instigated the development of high seas seining, and fish aggregating device (FAD) applications in the western Indian Ocean, the latter in collaboration with FAO Master fisherman, and colleague, Menakem Ben-Yami. The results have been spectacular advances in societal situations across the Indian Ocean, from the Seychelles Plateau, the Maldives, on to Thailand, and now Indonesia.
I was the senior editor of the fourth Edition of the FAO Atlas on Living Resources of the Sea, working to make the context of fisheries more dynamic, and realistic.
I planned, with my colleague, Jorge Csirke, and convened the 1983 Expert Consultation to Examine Changes in Distribution, Abundance and Species Composition for Neritic Fish Resources. The 1300pp. Proceedings was a compilation of information about climate-driven responses in regional fisheries. This was my final project during my five year contract with FAO. I left FAO to allow these concepts time to emerge.
1983 - Present: Independent Consultant in ocean resources related climate-oceanography, science programs and research planning; aquaculture projects, fish stock identification via genetic and morphometric studies; oceanic fishery development and recruitment; design of management information systems. Contracted projects with UNDP, World Bank, FAO, and other International institutions, with in situ programs in Chile, all around the Mediterranean including North African nations, Somalia, the Faroe Islands, South Africa, Pakistan, Honduras, and Alaska.
1987 to 1989: I was under contract to NOAA from to help develop an integrated Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program, and;
1990 to 1991: While acting as Consulting Science Advisor to the Undersecretary of Oceans and Atmosphere, one of my activities was to stimulate implementation of a high resolution chronostratigraphy studies program in NOAA while assigned to the NOAA Center for Ocean Analysis and Prediction as Visiting Scientist, via UCAR. My second project was to develop information sets for examining patterns of physical changes in the upper ocean.
1991 to 1997: I initiated the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Integrated Ocean Sciences, (CIRIOS) a joint institute between NOAA and the Naval Postgraduate School while active Associate Research Professorship at the Naval Postgraduate School, Department of Oceanography. I was the Executive Scientific Director. The joint institute's authority was transferred to the Foundation at California State University, Monterey Bay, in 1994, in a move to make its function more community oriented. CIRIOS @ Foundation CSUMB was let die by Foundation Management, as they were vested in high overheads, and not willing to nurture any existing relationships with other institutions after the Founding CEO and Provost, Dr. Steve Arvizu, with whom the initial contract was made, was deposed.
1993-to 2004 Adjunct Professor, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada
1993-to 2010 - Special Science and Policy Advisor to the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Research Advisory Panel.
1995-1997: Technology and Curriculum Development Planner, CSU Monterey Bay
Recent Related Projects and Experience:
The topics of Climate and Global Change, and applications of climate and upper ocean monitoring related to aquatic resources have been the major emphases of my studies since the early 1970s, but my focus has broadened from high seas fisheries to encompass climate related zoogeography, fisheries dynamics, and management opportunities. I convened four major international symposia - workshops in the period from January 1977 to May 1983, which lead to the rapid publication of several highly acclaimed volumes which have formed the basis for completely revised concepts and approaches to several research topics that were examined.
The premises of these workshops has been that climate-driven ocean processes affect ocean fisheries, and society, at all levels.
My major responsibilities over the last decade have included continuous promotion and monitoring of marine research related to climate and oceanographic mediated processes, with particular emphasis on ocean fisheries. For example, in June through August of 1985 I was contracted by the Fisheries Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, in Rome, to design an Ocean Monitoring and Recruitment Monitoring/Forecasting System for the Chilean Government. Since I began work in the international community I have worked, advised and consulted in many countries, including: Ecuador, Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Mexico, New Zealand, Australia, Sr Lanka, Maldives, Seychelles, Zanzibar, Somalia, Cypress, Jugoslavia, Tunisia, Morocco, Italy, Spain, Açores, Norway, Canada, Nederlands, Brazil, South Africa, Japan, and the USA. I have a long list of colleagues from each of these experiences.
From October 1986 to 1989 I worked directly with the Assistant Administrator of NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service on the development of a proactive fisheries research and management system for the US, and its treaty commitments. Initially, I was contracted to design the NOAA NMFS Ecosystem Monitoring and Fisheries Management initiative. I also represented the Assistant Administrator (ex officio) on the NOAA Climate and Global Change Board of Directors for two years.
January 1989 I was nominated as Visiting Scientist at NOAA's Center for Ocean Analysis and Prediction. Roger Y. Anderson (a paleoscience colleague, and also a NOAA Visiting Scientist) and I coordinated our efforts to develop appropriate in situ observational and research systems that would facilitate various categories of high resolution sediments, corals, and other accretion process data to be related to atmospheric and hydrologic processes for the recent period of instrumental records as well as paleoclimate contexts. This included several meetings with NSF, EPA, USGS, NOAA staff and an array of academics with shared interests and some with Committee on Earth Sciences responsibilities. Since these initial discussions and since our respective subsequent reports were made available throughout the high resolution paleoclimate community, several collaborations formed and efforts to obtain funding for the key aspects of our approach have been successful and are now emerging as major NSF Earth System History (ESH) Program area, which Roger Y. Anderson, on retiremen in 1993 - continued to lead. Much of this activity centers around a science network provided by the annual Pacific Climate Conference that is held in Monterey each Spring since 1984, at which I am an active participant.Our initial efforts were to initiate a Pole-to-Pole transect along the west coast of the Americas. This idea evolved, and under the capable guidance of Vera Markgraf, and J. Platt Bradbury (her husband deceased 2005) and PhD under RY Anderson) the IGBP PAGES Pole-Equator-Pole Project is very alive, with its first summary report volume published in 2000.
I often convene topical sessions (or attend) AMS, ASLO, AGU and AAAS and selected foreign symposia/meetings each year, following my interests in marine ecological consequences of climate variations. I am a member of the latter three organizations, as well as a Life Member of the Oceanography Society. I was an invited participant at the Benguela Ecology Program's 1986 conference on The Benguela and Comparable Ecosystems, as well as the International Symposium on Long-term Variation of Pelagic Fish and their Environment, held in Japan in November 1989; the International Symposium on Operational Fisheries Oceanography, held in Newfoundland in October, 1990: The Nova Scotian Longliner's Conference, 1991, the Benguela Trophic Functioning Symposium held in Cape Town in September 1991 and the 1993; the Latin American Colloquium on Marine Sciences in Coquimbo, Chile, in October 1991, the Canadian Society of Zoologist's Symposium on Conservation Issues, in Spring, 1996, in St. John's, NFLD, a special AAAS session on Applied Science in the Coastal Regime, San Jose, CA, summer 1996.
Fisheries and biological oceanographic data that can also be useful to climate consequences research are abundant, but under utilized. This is primarily due to these data being inaccessible. Hidden data preclude rational management.
In the recent decades since I left FAO I have participated in several international panels and workshops to define climate related consequences in fisheries and marine ecological contexts. Among these the following have produced reports to which I have made contributions:
IOC/SCOR Working Group 65 workshop about on and offshore exchanges of energy and material flows, Tiburon, California in April 1986; Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria during June/July 1986; I wrote background materials for the initial Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Reports, which were combined with other materials by Dr. John Everett of NOAA NMFS, US representative to IPPC Working Group 2. I am continuing to support Dr. Everett's IPPC activities. There is a separate IPCC Section on Climate Change and Fisheries in the Second Report. Both of us abandoned the IPCC activities after the second report came out, simply because the IPCC SPMs were not at all representing what was being presented by many of the more involved, skeptical field scientists - but merely focused on model driven funding games players.
I have also participated in UNEP workshops on Climate and ENSO, as well as regional Climate Consequences discussions, in Bangkok, and Hanoi in 1991, and at NCAR in Boulder, Colorado in 1992. I convened a joint EPA/Texas Institute of Oceanography and NOAA workshop was held in Galveston Texas, 8-12 January, 1990, Climate Change and Ocean Processes: What are the Consequences?
I wrote the FAO Department of Fisheries Position Paper on Climate Change, in consultation with my colleagues at FAO, in preparation for the UNCED in Brazil, in June, 1992.
I have been corresponding with Leonid Klyashtorin of VNIROV (Moscow) for several years, once we discovered our common interests in both climate regime issues, fishery ecosystem responses and fisheries consequences. In learning about his research and colleagues' expertise in climate forecasting applications, I introduced Klyashtorin and these ideas and methods to James Goodridge, retired California State Climatologist. I had Klyastorin invited to PFEL in Pacific Grove, as Visiting Scientist for 6 months in 2002 - Once exposed to Klyashtorin and colleagues insights, Goodridge has examined several hypotheses relating such variables as the Earth's Rotation Rate (-LOD) to sea level pressure differences between Tokyo and San Francisco, re-inventing what we now know as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Once he was exposed to the PDO studies of Steven Hare and Nathan Mantua, he focused on the correspondence of specific regional California precipitation patterns and the Vangenheim-Girs Atmospheric Climate Indices (ACI E-W & ACI-C), and is presently developing a more specific series of such relationships. Working with Klyashtorin, Goodridge and George Taylor - Oregon State Climatologist - I have prepared posters and presentations for the PACLIM Conferences since the late 1980s - and the 1998 PICES Climate & Fisheries Conference - that integrate our interpretations of climate-driven physical processes and ecological responses. Abstracts and descriptive notes about these posters and presentations were prepared and published in the annual proceedings of these conferences. I sent Klyashtorin home to write a book, - "Cyclic Climate Changes and Fish Productivity" - the he co-wrote with Alexey Lyubushin- and I published in Russian in 2005 - I did the final English editing of the translation, which was p[ublished in 2007 - and is available online FREE <http://narod.yandex.ru/100.xhtml?alexeylyubushin.narod.ru/Climate_Changes_and_Fish_Productivity.pdf>
Related Special Interests:
Both understanding and in situ data are required in order to relate climate information (seasonal weather) to societally relevant consequences. Facilitating this has become my principal focus in recent years. Following the decades-long indulgences in statistical correlations utilizing SST in climate and fisheries research, and the near uselessness and indefensibility of the results from conventional stock assessment activities, fisheries are in decline worldwide. Little or no forecastive capabilities exist amongst conventional fisheries trained scientists, or their tools. The issue remains that too little attention has been given to subsurface ocean observations, related climate research, in situ process research, and to the role of climate-driven ocean variability on aquatic species distributions and abundance changes related to local responses by ecosystems. These studies are crucial to interpretation of fisheries information for management purposes, as well as to creation of credible climate change scenarios from any generation of General Circulation Models. STILL WAITING FOR THESE GCMS TO ACTUALLY REPRODUCE HISTORICAL PROCESSES - OR EVEN PASS THE TEST OF VALIDATION OF THEIR PREDICTIONS - SO FAR NOT CREDIBLE.
My graphical/numeric compilations of World Ocean, monthly, one-by-one degree oceanographic data provided access for me and others to identify probable opportunities for several ocean fisheries. Also, they allow physical dynamic characterization of the more interesting small and large scale frontal and transition zone fisheries of the world. As I continue to improve its format, the data sets now provide greater insight into the dynamics of the upper ocean than has been generally appreciated. During the recent three years I have been enhancing desk top computer tools to allow ready access and visualization of these dynamics. I have also been compiling informative global climate and ocean data sets for evaluations of short and long term trends and comparisons between important regions of the world.
I have demonstrated these tools and projects to many scientists and decision makers, and the consensus is that they are generally useful for teaching, particularly time series studies and displays of climate processes over large geographic extents, and particularly where monthly/seasonal information sets exists for many years. I use these tools in presentations, to emphasize dynamics.
My early research and publications were diverse and mostly applications of novel techniques or methods for examining the basic assumptions and practices of marine resources related sciences. Topics ranged from basic biochemical genetics, through molecular physiology to the physiological ecology of pelagic species such as the tunas and delphinid cetaceans, on to ecosystem monitoring for fisheries purposes and management applications.
My more recent publications (since 1981) reflect my efforts to compile and disseminate global information about marine ecosystem and fisheries responses to climate-driven ocean variabilities. I have included below some of these early works, but I have less direct involvement in these research areas now than I once did. However, since the Monterey Bay Aquarium chose to create its Outer Bay exhibit including yellowfin and skipjack tunas, there has been ample opportunity to interact with the limited expertise pool that includes such long-time colleagues as Professors Barbara Block, Dennis Powers, George Somero, and the all-important chief keeper of the exhibit, Charles Farwell. This opportunity and other related activities helps me maintain contact with many of the more innovative researchers in fish genetics, fish aging, and physiological ecology. These topics are indispensable to understanding fishery variability, and climate related Global ecological responses.
I have worked with various components of the local city, county and regional government bodies toward the design and implementation of a Central California Environmental Information System that would service the broadest possible suite of interests. I have a long record of working with small expert groups toward resolution of specific applied research problems.
I was active in the development of the initial CSUMB Science Curriculum and Planning, and in Staff selection activities since 1993. I was employed by CSUMB in September, 1995 as the Technology and Curriculum Integration Planner to provide vision, leadership, strategic planning and coordination of a revolutionary plan for academic and administrative university-wide Technology-based Curriculum Integration technologies. I officially moved off campus due to Peter Smith's 'sick' approach to dwindling the initial goals set by the initial staff and leadership - and became semi-retired to lower back issues -
Electrophoretic study of tuna hemoglobins. 1969. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 31:749-755. (MS Thesis).
Studies of Biochemical Genetics of Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. 1972. (Ph. D. Thesis), University of California at San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
An electrophoretic study of some scombroid fishes and related forms. 1973. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 44B:381-388.
Mercury in tunas: a review. 1973. Fish. Bull., U.S., 71(3):603-615. (with C.L. Peterson and W.L. Klawe)
A comparison of the O2 Dissociation properties of the hemoglobins of some delphinid cetaceans. 1975. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 51A:673-681.
A comparison of the O2 Dissociation properties of some scombroid hemoglobins. 1975. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 51A:683-691.
An energetic model for the exploited yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, population in the eastern Pacific Ocean. 1976. Fish. Bull., U.S., 74(1):36-50. (with R.C. Francis).
Vulnerability of tunas as a function of environmental profiles. (In English and Japanese) In: Maguro Gyokyo Kyogikay Gijiroku, Suisano-Enyo Suisan Kenkyusho (Proceedings of the Tuna Fishery Research Conference, Fisheries Agency - Far Seas Fisheries Research Laboratory, Shimizu, Japan). 1976.
Requirements for rigorous evaluation of the genetic structure of mobile marine populations [abstract]. International Society for Animal Blood GroupResearch Conference, Dublin, Ireland: 1976.
A summary of results and questions derived from studies of biochemical and morphological adaption of tuna-like species and their energetics. In Vernberg, F. John, and A.V. Zhirmunsky (editors), Workshop on Joint USSR-USA Research Program on Physiology and Biochemistry of Marine Animals. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, and Belle M. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research, University of South Carolina: 1977.
Energy for migration in albacore, Thunnus alalunga. 1977. Fish. Bull., U.S., 75(2):447-450. with R.C. Dotson.
Introduction. pp. 3-5. In Sharp, Gary D., and Andrew E. Dizon (editors), The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. Academic Press,
New York, San Francisco, and London. 1978.
The distribution of red and white swimming muscles, their biochemistry, and the biochemical phylogeny of selected scombrid fishes. pp. 41-78 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. with S.W. Pirages.
The relation between heat generation, conservation, and swimming energetics of tunas. pp. 213-232 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. with W.J. Vlymen, III.
Behavioral and physiological properties of tunas and their effects on vulnerability to fishing gear. pp. 397-449 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978.
Perspectives: the past, present, and future of tuna physiology. pp. 451-458 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. with A.E. Dizon.
A summary of results and questions derived from studies of biochemical and morphological adaption of tuna-like species and their energetics. In: Vernberg, F. John, and A.V. Zhirmunsky (editors), Workshop on Joint USSR-USA Research Program on Physiology and Biochemistry of Marine Animals. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, and Belle M. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and CoastalResearch, University of South Carolina: pp. 67-79 and pp.228-229.
Areas of potentially successful exploitation of tunas in the Indian Ocean with emphasis on surface methods. Indian Ocean Programme, FAO, Rome, Tech. Reports IOFC/DEV/79/47. 50pp. 1979.
Biochemical genetic studies, their value and limitations in stock identification and discrimination. pp. 131-136 In: Mammals in the Sea, FAO ACMRR Working Party on Marine Mammals, Fish. Ser. (5) Vol.3. 1981.
Colonization: modes of opportunism in the ocean. pp. 125-148 In: Report and Documentation of the Workshop on the Effects of Environmental Variation on the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. (G.D. Sharp, convenor). IOC Workshop Series No. 28, Unesco, Paris. 1981.
Report of the Workshop on Effects of Environmental Variation on the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. pp. 1-47 In: Report and Documentation of the Workshop on the Effects of Environmental Variation on the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. (G.D. Sharp, convenor). IOC Workshop Series No. 28, Unesco, Paris. 1981.
Report on the research status and potential for cod rearing in the North Atlantic. from a meeting of consultants held in Svanøy, Norway, from 2-9 August, 1981. FAO/Norway Trust Funds. 13pp.
Atlas of Living Resources of the Sea. FAO Publication. (G.D. Sharp and J.-P. Troadec, eds.) Fourth Edition. 1981.
Foreword to the Symposium. 1982 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT /Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc. Doc. Cient. CICAA, VolXVII (SCRS-1981) 2:431-438.
Ocean sciences in support of living marine resources: a report. 1982. Canad. J. Fish. Aq. Sci. 39(7):1059-1070. (A.Bakun, J.Beyer, D.Pauly, J.G.Pope, and G.D.Sharp).
Trends in respiratory work and ecological position in the marine ecosystem. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 76A(3):405-412. Proceedings of Symposium on Comparative Cardiac Function in Lower Vertebrates, B. Tota and O. Poupa, eds. 1983.
Neritic systems and fisheries: their perturbations, natural and man induced. pp. 155-202 In: Ecosystems of the World: Part 27. Ecosystems of Continental Shelves (H. Postma and J.J.Zijlstra, eds.). Elseviers Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York. 1988.
Physics and fish populations: shelf sea fronts and fisheries. pp. 659-682 In: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, Sharp, G.D. and J. Csirke, eds. San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep. Ser. 291, vol. 2, with J. Hunter.
Modeling Fisheries: What was the question? pp. 1177-1224 In: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, Sharp, G.D., J. Csirke, and S. Garcia, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep. Ser. 291, vol. 3
Tuna fisheries, elusive stock boundaries and illusory stock concepts. 1983 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT /Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc. Doc. Cient. CICAA, Vol XVII (3):812-829.
Ecological efficiency and activity metabolism. pp. 459-474 In: Flows of Energy and Materials in Marine Ecosystems: theory and practice . M.J.R. Fasham, ed. Plenum Press. New York and London. 1984.
Sharp, G.D. and J. Csirke, eds. 1983: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep. Ser. 291, vols. 2-3. 1294pp.
Csirke, J. and G.D. Sharp, eds. 1983: Report of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep. Ser. 291, vol 1. 100pp.
Climate and fisheries : Cause and effect and the quest for elusive time series. 1986. pp. 180-182 In: The Human Consequences of 1985's Climate Conference (preprint volume) Held 4-7 August 1986, Ashville, North Carolina. American Meteorological Society.
Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects related to development of fisheries monitoring and forecasting systems. Prepared for: Report of the Task Force Meeting on Policy-Oriented Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria, 30 June-2 July 1986. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
An Ecological Framework for Marine Fishery Investigations. 1987. FAO Tech. Paper 283. 152 pp. (with John F. Caddy), available in English and Spanish.
Climate and Fisheries: cause and effect or managing the long and short of it all. 1987. In: The Benguela and Comparable Ecosystems. (Payne, A.I.L., J.A. Gulland and K.H. Brink, eds.) So. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 5:811-838.
Climate and Fisheries: Cause and Effect - A system review. 1991: pp. 239-258. In: Long-term Variability of Pelagic Fish Populations and Their Environment. (T. Kawasaki, S. Tanaka, Y. Toba and A. Taniguchi, eds.) Pergamon Press, Tokyo.
Opportunities in Applied Oceanography in the California Current. 1991. pp. 2136-2146. In: Coastal Zone ’91 (Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management) Orville T. Magoon, (editor), Hugh Converse, (editor), Virginia Tippie, (editor), L. Thomas Tobin, (editor), and Delores Clark, (editor), 3978 pp., 4 vols.
Climate Change, the Indian Ocean Tuna Fishery, and Empiricism. 1992: pp. 377-416 In: Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries. M.H. Glantz, ed., Cambridge University Press.
Fishery Catch Records, ENSO, and Longer Term Climate Change as Inferred from Fish Remains From Marine Sediments. 1992 : PP. 379-417 In: Paleoclimatology of El Niño - Southern Oscillation, H. Diaz and V. Markgraf, eds., Cambridge University Press.
Pieces of the Puzzle: Anecdotes, Time Series and Insights. 1993. In: Benguela Trophic Functioning Symposium, (A.I.L. Payne, et al. eds.) So. African J. Mar. Sci. 12:1079-1992.
Comments on the global ocean observing capabilities, indicator species as climate proxies, and the need for timely ocean monitoring. 1993. Oceanography, 5(3):163-168. Sharp, G.D. and D.R. McLain.
Fisheries, El Niño-Southern Oscillation and upper ocean temperature records: an eastern Pacific example. 1993. Oceanography, 6(1): 13-22. Sharp, G.D. and D.R. McLain.
Recruitment in Flatfish: Lines for Future Research. 1994. Netherl. J. Sea Res. 32(2):227-230.
Its About Time: new beginnings and old good ideas in fisheries science. 1995. Fisheries Oceanography. 4(4):324-341.
Arabian Sea Fisheries and Their Production Contexts. 1995. pp. 239-264 In: Arabian Sea Oceanography and Fisheries, Karachi, Pakistan.Skipjack velocity, dwell time and migration. 1996. Fisheries Oceanography, 5(2):100-113. R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp.
The Oceanography of the Indonesian Archipelago. 1996. Chapter 2, In: Fisheries of the South China Sea and the Indonesian Archipelago, Pauly and Matsubroto, eds. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.
Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. 1997. pp. 731–736. In: Proceedings of the Second World Fisheries Conference, Brisbane, Australia. Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management, 1996, CSIRO, Australia
Environmental Time Series and North Pacific Fisheries, Presentation at PICES meeting, October 1994, Seattle, Washington.The Oceanography of the Indonesian Archipelago, pp. 7-14. In: Fisheries of the South China Sea and the Indonesian Archipelago, Pauly and Matsubroto, eds. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines. 1996.
Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. pp731-736. In: Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management. Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. CSIRO, Australia. 1997.
The Case for Dome-Shaped Response Curves by Fish Populations. 1998. . Pp. 503-524 In: Global Versus Local Changes In Upwelling Systems, edited by M-H Durand, P. Cury, R. Mendelsshon, C. Roy, A. Bakun, and D. Pauly. Report from CEOS Workshop, Monterey, California, September, 1994. ORSTOM Editions, Paris.
The Past Present and Future of Fisheries Science; Refashioning a Responsible Fisheries Science, 2000. pp207-262 In: Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to fisheries ecology and management, P.J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons, eds. Blackwell Science, UK.
Tuna Oceanography An Applied Science. 2001. pp.345-390 In: TUNA: PHYSIOLOGY, ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, B.Block and E.D. Stevens, eds. Academic Press, San Diego.
Neoclassical Economics and Fisheries. 2001. pp61-79 In: Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference. with Charles A.S. Hall.
Growth Rate and Recruitment: Evidence from year-class strength in the year-to-year variation in the distributions of otolith weight, fish weight, and fish length in Hoplostethus atlanticus. R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. 2001. Vie et Milieu, 51(4):267-287.Neoclassical Economics and Fisheries, 2007. G.D. Sharp, C.A.S. Hall. pp 423-441 In: Making World Developement Work, (G.Leclerc and CAS Hall, eds.) University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Climate and Fisheries: Forecasting ContextualChanges, Instead of hindcasting from Meaningless Means. 2008. Gary D. Sharp, Leonid Klyashtorin and George Taylor. pp 997-1016 In: American Fisheries Society Symposium 49. (Proceedings of the Fourth World Fisheries Congress, May, 2004, Vancouver, BC)
Recent Manuscripts:Climate-Related Ocean Ecological Responses - Forecasting for Proactive Resource Management, talk and Abstract @ AGU, Honolulu, Hawaii, February 15, 2002.
Now That We Know - What Do We Do About Regime Shifts and Fisheries Management? PACLIM, Asilomar, March 3-6, 2002.Future climate change and regional fisheries: a collaborative analysis". 2003, FAO Fisheries Department, Rome, published in FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 452, and available online.
Ocean fisheries, and aquatic ecosystems - in response to daily, seasonal and climate scale forcing, GD Sharp, LB Klyashtorin, G.Taylor, J. Godridge, and J. O'Brien. February 2004, ASLO/TOS, Honolulu, Hawaii.The Applied Science of Fisheries Oceanography, G.D. Sharp. February 2004, ASLO/TOS, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Recent Invited Talks, Book Reviews and Presentations:
Climate and fisheries : Cause and effect and the quest for elusive time series. pp. 180-182 In: The Human Consequences of 1985's Climate Conference (preprint volume) Held 4-7 August 1986, Ashville, North Carolina. American Meteorological Society.
Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects in energy flows among coastal and offshore areas. Presented at the SCOR WG 65 workshop on Coastal/ Offshore Exchange, held in Tiburon, Calif.,7-11 April 1986.
Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects related to development of fisheries monitoring and forecasting systems. Prepared for : Report of the Task Force Meeting on Policy-Oriented Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria, 30 June-2 July 1986. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
Climate and Fisheries: Cause and effect, or managing the long and short of it all. Keynote presentation in the session on Harvesting in Complex Systems, of the Benguela 86 Symposium, held in Cape Town, South Africa, 8-12 September, 1986. Program Review Team member.
Climate and fisheries: Cause and Effect, long and short term patterns and processes. Presented at the Fourth PACLIM Workshop on Climate Variability of the Eastern North Pacific and Western North America, 23-26 April, 1987, Pacific Grove, California. I have attended and participated in the annual Pacific Climate Conference, held at Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California, providing posters and computer demonstrations, since 1987.
Resource Management In Whole Systems Contexts, Contracted Resource Document for FAO/Japan Workshop on Fisheries and World Food Security.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND OCEAN PROCESSES: WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES? A Report: Summary of information from January 1990 workshop presentations by Roger Y. Anderson, Robert Chervin, Vern Derr, Henry Diaz, J.O.Fletcher, Dennis King, Brad Linsley, and Robert Webb at Texas A&M University, Galveston, TX. G.D. Sharp, Rapporteur.
Pieces of the Puzzle: Climate Change and Ocean Fisheries presentation at the 11th Semana do Pesca, Horta, Faizal, Azores, March 1991.
Arabian Sea Fisheries, Climate Change, and Regional Patterns. National Fisheries Institute, Karachi, Pakistan, September, 1993.
Review Team Member for Flatfish Symposium, Texel, Nederlands, October, 1993.
Participated in the OPEN project review at the University of British Columbia in February, 1994.
Participated in the NSF GLOBEC Northeastern Pacific Planning Meeting and research review session in February, 1995 , Seattle , Washington.
Oceanic Fishes and Physics: Lessons From Fisheries, Presentation and Abstract Workshop on Fisheries Oceanography, UBC Fisheries Centre, summer,1995,
Invited Speaker Canadian Society of Zoologists, Symposium on Applied Science in Fisheries Management, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, May 1996.
Workshop on the Status of Global Fisheries Management, November, 1996, Monterey Institute for International Studies, Monterey, California.
ENSO and Ecosystems - abstract. (Full Presentation). Colloquium on El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Atmospheric, Oceanic, Societal, Environmental, and Policy Perspectives. 20 July - 1 August 1997 - Boulder, Colorado.
Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. pp731-736. In: Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management. Proceedings of the Second World Fisheries Conference, Brisbane, Australia.Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. CSIRO, Australia. 1997.
The Case for Dome-Shaped Response Curves by Fish Populations. 1998. . Pp. 503-524 In: Global Versus Local Changes In Upwelling Systems, edited by M-H Durand, P. Cury, R. Mendelsshon, C. Roy, A. Bakun, and D. Pauly. Report from CEOS Workshop, Monterey, California, September, 1994. ORSTOM Editions, Paris.
Tropical Tunas and the ENSO Cycle, Review of the causes and consequences of Cold Events: the La Niña Summit, a Workshop sponsored by UNUniveristy; National Center for Atmospheric research and UN Environmental Program. Boulder, Colorado, July 1998.
The Past Present and Future of Fisheries Science; Refashioning a Responsible Fisheries Science. pp207-262 In:Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to fisheries ecology and management, 2000. P.J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons, eds. Blackwell Science, UK.
Review of Climate and Fisheries related to the Draft Alaskan Groundfish SEIS, by NOAA/NMFS, February, 2001, Alaska Ocean Network.
Historical Patterns and Prediction of Climate Change and Fisheries, May 2001. Review of Bristol bay Salmon Research, Dillingham, AK.
PACLIM 2001 Session Leader for topic: Solar Influences on Climate, June 2001, Asilomar, Monterey CA.
Growth rate and recruitment evidence from year-class strength in the year-to-year variation in the distributions of otolith weight, fish weight, and fish length in Hoplostethus atlanticus. 2001. Vie et Milieu, 51(4):267-287. R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp.A Brief History of Fisheries Oceanography, 2004. - Draft only.
Climate Change and Applied Fisheries Oceanography - Udating the coastal ocean transects 1940-2005, G.D. Sharp D. McLain. 2006. PACLIM 23rd Conference, Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California.
Projecting Climate Changes and Ecological Responses, May 2007, GD Sharp, D McLain, and LB Klyashtori, PACLIM 24th Conference, Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California.Dean Bavington: Managed annihilation: an unnatural history of the Newfoundland cod collapse. G.D. Sharp. August 2011. Agriculture and Human Values: Volume 28, Issue 3 (2011), Page 457-458.
"Out of Fishermen's Hands..." G.D. Sharp, M.Ben-Yami and J.R. McGoodwin, 2004. Kwong Fat Printers, Hong Kong 238pp.
Recent Posters, Abstracts and Magazine Articles
Climate and Fisheries: Cause and Effect: The formulation of an appropriate fisheries modeling context. Presented , Abstract. Fall 1988 American Fisheries Society meeting in Toronto.
The initiation of a major oceanic tuna fishery from a purely physical basis. Presented at the International Symposium on Operational Fisheries Oceanography, 23-27 October, 1989, St. John's, Newfoundland.
Poster: Atmosphere, Ocean and Terrestrial Clues to Climate Linkages. Abstract, The Oceanography Society Meeting, St. Petersburg, Fl. March 1991. Graphical presentation of sources and implications of various data time series derived from sediments, fisheries catch data, and COADS.
Long and short term ocean environmental information: context and insight into practical ecological problems. Abstract, The Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, HI, June 1991. Session Chair.
Pieces of the Puzzle. Coast and Ocean Magazine, Vol.7 (1), February 1991.
Atmosphere, Ocean and Terrestrial Clues to Climate Linkages. The Oceanography Society Meeting, St. Petersburg, Florida, March 1991. (poster and abstract).
Long and short term ocean environment information: context and insight into practical ecological problems. Presented at the Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 1991 (abstract only).
Climate and Fisheries: cause and effect - ENSO and longer cycles. pp. 387-390 In: Long-Term Variability of Pelagic Fish Populations and Their Environment. T. Kawasaki, S. Tanaka, Y. Toba and A. Taniguchi, eds. Pergamon Press, Tokyo, Oxford. Poster abstract with K.T. Dorsey and D.R. McLain. 1991.
Time Series - Graphical Spread Sheets. Presentation. Abstract, Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology, June 1992, Kona, Hawaii. Session Chair.
Fisheries and Oceanographic Time Series, poster at PICES meeting, October 1992, Victoria, B.C.
Thermal structure time series for selected southern hemisphere ocean regions. Poster for the American Meteorological Society and Southern Oceanography Meetings held in Hobart, Tasmania, March 1993. with K.T. Dorsey and D.R. McLain.
Time series and pelagic fisheries research problems. Invited talk given at CSIRO Fisheries laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania. March 1993.
El Niño, Que Pasa? Invited talk for Gulf of Farallones - Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary - San Francisco, December 1998
The Fugue, Poster coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, PICES Beyond Niño Workshop, UC San Diego, March 2000
Climate and Fisheries: Costs and Benefits of Change, Online presentation and manuscript prepared for the IIFET 2000 meeting at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, July 10-14, 2000.
A Brief Review of the History of Fisheries Science and its Relation to Fish Culture, Online presentation and manuscript prepared for the IIFET 2000 meeting at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, July 10-14, 2000.
Seminar series on Climate, Ecosystems and Fisheries Management, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, three weeks in Fall 2000.
Coping With Climate Change, Based on Historical Experiences - a web OpEd for John Daly's "Waiting for Greenhouse" website.
Census for Marine Life, Workshop, Monterey, CA, November 2000. Rapportuer - Oceanography and Data Management Working Group.
Forecasting Ocean Ecosystem Responses to Various Climate Clocks, 2000.coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, 65-90 In: Proceedings of the seventeenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep. 67 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary.
The New Regimes: Fish Stories and Society, joint poster on long-term consequences of Climate Forcing, coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, PACLIM, Asilomar, April 2001. In: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep.69 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary.
Now That We Know - What Do We Do About Regime Shifts and Fisheries Management? G.D. Sharp, April 2002. PACLIM, in Proceedings and Abstracts of the Nineteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep. 68 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary.
The Way Forward From Uncertainty from Equilibrium Modeling. G.D. Sharp and Leonid Klyashtorin . poster/abstract April 2003 PACLIM, In Proceedings of the 20th Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, Scott Starratt and Nikki L. Blomquist, eds., Tech. Rep. 72 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary. available on CD-ROM as well.
Dynamic Contexts and Fisheries Ecosystem Responses, Abstract from presentation - Special Sesssion on Climate and Fisheries, AGU Portland Oregon, January 2004.
Ocean fisheries, and aquatic ecosystems in response to daily, seasonal and climate scale forcing. G.D. Sharp, L. Klyashtorin, J. Goodridge, G. Taylor, J. O'Brien. ASLO/TOC Special Session on Operational Oceanography - invited speaker. Honolulu, Hawaii, February 2004.Questions have no simple, one-cause/one-effect answers. SPIKED Questionaire: Online
A Brief History of Applied Fisheries Oceanography - Part II - The Role Of CLIOTOP and TOPP in Revitalizing Ocean Sciences. Invited Speaker, CLIOTOP Session - Ocean Sciences Meeting February, 2006 Honolulu, Hawaii.
Projecting Climate Changes and Ecological Responses - Gary D Sharp. Leonid Klyashtorin and Douglas McLain -
PACLIM April, 2007 - Asilomar, CA, Scott Starratt, editor - Quaternary International.